The Danum Valley Conservation Area 丹农谷保育区
The Danum Valley Conservation Area comprises 43,800 ha (108,186 acres) of virgin forest. It is a vast reserve of lush tropical lowland forest rich in Sabah's unique flora and fauna. The area has been recognised as one of the world's most complex ecosystems.
In 1986 the Sabah Foundation, entrusted with the conservation of the Danum Valley established the Danum Valley Field Centre, a tropical rainforest research and environmental education station. Accommodation at this centre is exclusively for researchers and scientist on assignment. If you wish to visit the centre you need to obtain permission from the Sabah Foundation at their Lahad Datu office.
But Danum Valley's wonders are accessible to the public. Located another 35 km from the Danum Valley Field Centre is the Borneo Rainforest Lodge, established in 1994 to cater specially for visitors to Danum Valley and offering luxurious accommodation and exciting excursions in the equally luxurious and exciting environment of Danum Valley. Built with local timber and river stones, the chalets, or "sulap," are designed after the traditional Sabah Kadazandusun dwellings.
The journey to Danum Valley is by air and land. You most probably will have to take a flight from Kota Kinabalu to Lahad Datu in the morning, and then travel another 2 hours overland before you reach the prestigious Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
丹农谷开放供大众住足点座落在距离丹农谷研究中心35公里处的婆罗洲热带雨林宿屋（Borneo Rainforest Lodge），这座采用本地木材、河石依照沙巴卡达山原住民文化设计，于1994年开业专为浏览丹农谷的游客提供住宿，游客同样可以享受到丹农谷引人入胜的远足乐趣。
Madai Caves - Lahad Datu
Madai Caves is another important place for birds' nests.The village at the entrance of the largest cave comes alive twice a year when the Idahan community comes to harvest the birds' nests"
Madai Caves is another important place for birds' nests.The village at the entrance of the largest cave comes alive twice a year when the Idahan community comes to harvest the birds' nests from various parts of the caves. It is a special communal event, almost like a festival.The harvesting is a dramatic event with the men risking their lives to prise precious nests from the cave roof. Nowadays, the harvesters are hired. The Idahans have held their rights to the Madai Caves for over 20 generations.
To visit the caves, permission must be obtained from the Idahan elders. Visitors may visit the District Office in Lahad Datu town to make prior arrangements for entrance permission on their behalf.
Tabin Wildlife Refuge is a nature preserve in Sabah, eastern Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It was created in 1984 to preserve Sabah抯 disappearing wild animals. Occupying a large part of the peninsula forming the northern arm of Darvel Bay, it is located 48 kilometers east of Lahad Datu.
Tabin Wildlife Reserve (TWR or Tabin) comprises a rectangular area of approximately 122,539 ha. in the centre of the Dent Peninsula, north-east of Lahad Datu town, south of the lower reaches of the Segama River and north of the Silabukan Forest Reserve. It can be reached via sealed and gravel roads from Lahad Datu in about 40 minutes. The reserve is covered with lowland dipterocarp forest. Tabin has been declared a Wildlife Reserve primarily on account of the large number of animals inhabiting it's forests, some of which are highly endangered. The three largest mammals of Sabah, namely Asian Elephant, Sumatran Rhinoceros and Tembadau are all found within the reserve; nine species of primate are present, as well as three species of cats all of which are on the protected wildlife list. Of birds species, 42 families representing 220 species have been recorded.
The land belongs to the people of Sabah. It is under government ownership and has Reserve Satus. The Wildlife Department of Sabah is the custodian of the animals in the reserve. The Forestry Department of Sabah is responsible for the tress in Tabin. In 1998, the Government has privatized eco-tourism programmes for Tabin and over the last few years, increasing numbers of tourists have been coming to the reserve. Among activities permitted in the reserve are jungle trekking, wildlife viewing, photography and filming. Natural mud volcanoes are an important natural attraction for wildlife seeking salt, and these have become a bonus for visitors to see wild animals.